If you want to know what time it is, you probably watch at your wristwatch or mobile phone. But imagine that you live some centuries ago... Sundials are the oldests known instrument for telling the time. In fact, the earliest known sundial was made by Egyptians about 3.500 BC. As the Sun moves across the sky, the shadows objects cast move too. And people use this movement to know the time.
There are two parts in a sundial. One of them is called a gnomon; normally a stick that cast a shadow. The other one is a flat surface with marks, one for each hour of the day, where the shadow is projected. This is the dial plate. Those marks are usually numbered lines, the hour lines, that show the hours of the day. As the day passes, the gnomon' shadow moves around the dial; the shadow falls on a new line every hour.
Our Science Week is coming; and as every year, we are going to work about sundials. We are going to learn about these instruments, how they work, different types of sundials. And the most important... you are going to build your own sundial. Don't worry; it's very easy. Here you have some sundials made by students last year.
But, in my opinion, it is important to know about sundials in Granada too. How many sundials are there in Granada? Where are they? What kind of sundial is every one of them? Answer these questions as comments. Please, and if you can, take photos of those sundials. Send them to me and I will include your images in our blog.
And now, a very difficult question: where is the sundial of the picture below?
Construcción de relojes solares. Incluye la descripción de los principales tipos de relojes de sol así como plantillas de los cuadrantes solares para relojes orientados.Algunos modelos de relojes solares.
Relojes solares otras semanas de la ciencia del IES Zaidín Vergeles.
La sombra del tiempo. Relojes solares del IES Zaidín Vergeles en el diario Granada Hoy.
Son muchas las páginas web dedicadas a la gnomónica y a la construcción de relojes solares. Algunas de las más representativas son:
Relojes de Sol de Mallorca.
Reloj andalusí. Web andaluza de relojes solares.
Relojes de Sol de la provincia de Málaga.
Asociación Amigos de los relojes de Sol.
North America Sundials Society.
Sundials on the Internet.